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### Author Topic: Grid-stiffened panels load application  (Read 1689 times)

#### phoenixxp

• Client
• Posts: 6
•
##### Grid-stiffened panels load application
« on: June 03, 2012, 07:35:01 AM »
Consider an Angle-grid stiffened family. Is it true that using the sizing form of the family and applying the loads through the FBD tab, these loads are applied at the mid-plane of the skin?
In my analytic model I apply the loads at the neutral axis of the panel. Therefore the bending moments generated due to the application of the axial forces are equal to zero. Is it possible to get an equivalent load application in Hypersizer?
Thanks a lot!

#### James

• Posts: 117
•
##### Re: Grid-stiffened panels load application
« Reply #1 on: June 05, 2012, 02:04:24 PM »
For all stiffened panel analysis in HyperSizer, the load is applied at the mid-plane of the top facesheet. This is the assumed reference plane for both Nx and Ny load since there is not a single N/A for stiffened panels. A stiffened panel is two dimensional, therefore it technically has two neutral axes - one for Nx load and another for Ny load. The X neutral axis is the location of a plane such that an applied Nx load will induce no bending curvature (kx).

HyperSizer has the ability to zero-out the curvature, which is the same as applying membrane load only at the N/A of the panel. This is accomplished for Non-FEA projects (workspaces) by setting kx, ky and kxy degrees of freedom to "constrained." When the degree of freedom is constrained, reaction (virtual) moments are computed to ensure zero panel curvature. Notice after analyzing the panel, the design-to Mx load = virtual Mx load. Also the design-to curvatures = 0. For more information on the virtual load, see: http://www.hypersizer.com/download.php?type=pdf&file=1021_HyperSizer-Methods-Approach-FBD_Tab_Matrix_Math.pdf

If you out-of plane load causing real bending moments in the panel, you could simply add the real bending moments to the virtual bending moments, then apply this as a user-defined load.

For FEA projects, you could select "Zero Out FEA Computed Moments" on the FBD tab. This will ignore the moments from the FEA and use the HyperSizer-computed virtual moments instead. For more information on this option, see http://hypersizer.com/help/Content/Loads/load-superimposed.php

Let me know if this helps
-James

#### phoenixxp

• Client
• Posts: 6
•
##### Re: Grid-stiffened panels load application
« Reply #2 on: June 06, 2012, 02:55:10 AM »
Thank you very much, James! This is exactly what I wanted to know. I do understand the logic behind applying the load at the mid-plane of the facesheet, I do compute the 2 different neutral axes as well. The reason I wanted to know this is because I will be performing uniaxial compression and pure shear tests. For those I think it is safer to assume load introduction at the neutral axis (at least for the compression test).  Anyways, now I know how to deal with it. Thanks!